Unit Plan

Average Rating:
0
Author:
Melody Childers
Intended Grade Level(s):
7th
8th
Subject Area(s) Covered:
atomic and molecular structure
circuits
thermal energy
PV cells
Engineering
design
inquiry
Chemistry
natural resources
conservation of mass
energy transformations
models
combustion
Estimated Activity Length:
0 sec
Learning Goal(s):
  1. To build empathy for people in emergency situations and an understanding of how access to energy resources can increase one’s safety, health, and comfort.

  2. To understand the nature of a variety of energy needs and how different applications have different optimal solutions.

  3. To develop models to explain the molecular and extended structures of energy resources, including how the resources change when energy is generated (Electron movement in PV cells, combustion reactions in fuel).

  4. To understand that the properties of substances depends upon the atomic / molecular structure, which changes with chemical reactions.

  5. To build a circuit that includes a solar module and measure the voltage and current.

  6. To gather and evaluate information to describe the impact on society of converting natural resources into PV cells.

  7. To design, build and test a device that uses a chemical reaction to generate or absorb thermal energy.

  8. Evaluate and revise a plan for the energy resources one should store to prepare for a natural disaster. 

Students develop atomic and molecular models of energy resources, analyze combustion of various fuels and build circuits with Photovolatic (PV) modules to evaluate and suggest revisions to a disaster

... View full description >>

Solar SPRK+ Lesson 6: Final Challenge and Presentation

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0
Unit:
Author:
Deb Frankel
Intended Grade Level(s):
6th
7th
8th
Subject Area(s) Covered:
Engineering design; computer programming; Mars rovers
photovoltaics
Estimated Activity Length:
8 hours
Learning Goal(s):
  1. Students will combine SPRK+ programming with the construction of a compatible chariot in order to guide their SPRK+ “Mars rover” to carry solar panels to a charging station.
  2. Students will present a final project to the class that summarizes their knowledge about the scientific background knowledge tied to this project as well as their design and testing process.

In this lesson, students will navigate through a maze using their SPRK+ in order to reach the solar charging station.  Students will redesign their chariot in order to meet the needs of this new maze in order to carry their solar panels to the charging station, providing energy for their rover to continue working.  Following the completion of... View full description >>

Solar SPRK+ Lesson 5: Chariot Engineering Design

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0
Unit:
Author:
Deb Frankel
Intended Grade Level(s):
6th
7th
8th
Subject Area(s) Covered:
engineering design
mars rover
Estimated Activity Length:
2 hours
Learning Goal(s):
  1. Students will identify possible design solutions to have a Sphero SPRK+ pull solar panels as a portable power source.
  2. Students will work in groups to determine the best possible designs and construct and test these designs with their team.
  3. Students will determine the strengths and weaknesses of each design and incorporate these findings into further construction phases.

Students will work through the engineering design process to build a chariot for their SPRK+ that will carry their solar panels through a maze to a charging station.  Students will draft prototypes, test their designs, and make changes to their design based on the initial success of the chariot. View full description >>

Solar SPRK+ Lesson 4: Electricity Fundamentals and Photovoltaics

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0
Unit:
Author:
Deb Frankel
Intended Grade Level(s):
6th
7th
8th
Subject Area(s) Covered:
Electricity fundamentals; photovoltaics; solar battery charging; solar powering electronic devices
Estimated Activity Length:
1 hour 40 min
Learning Goal(s):
  1. Students will determine how to create various types of circuits in order to power loads with different electric needs.
  2. Students will identify the electric needs of a Sphero charger and build a circuit needed to charge this device.

Students work through a number of solar circuit explorations that culminate in a challenge to charge the Sphero SPRK+ devices with solar panels. In this exploration, students will investigate the requirements of various loads, working toward the voltage and amperage requirements presented specifically by the SPRK+ charging station. View full description >>

Solar SPRK+ Lesson 3: Mars Exploration Debate

Average Rating:
0
Unit:
Author:
Deb Frankel
Intended Grade Level(s):
6th
7th
8th
Subject Area(s) Covered:
research
debate
Estimated Activity Length:
2 hours
Learning Goal(s):
  1. Students will identify high quality scientific information through research that represents multiple sides of an argument.
  2. Students will communicate a pre-determined side of an argument verbally, using evidence to support their claims.

Students will research and then debate about the value of Mars exploration through robotic and/or human missions using a debate structure. View full description >>

Solar SPRK+ Lesson 2: Sphero Edu Coding

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0
Unit:
Author:
Deb Frankel
Intended Grade Level(s):
6th
7th
8th
Subject Area(s) Covered:
Computer Programming
Estimated Activity Length:
5 hours
Learning Goal(s):
  1. Students will use block programming and Oval Language in order to make a SPRK+ perform a variety of motion-oriented tasks.
  2. Students will combine motion and sound functions using block programming and Oval Language.
  3. Students will track useful pieces of sequence code that they can reuse in order to get their SPRK+ to navigate a lengthy maze.

After working on a few Scratch drag and drop programs, participants will transition to Sphero Edu, a comparable drag and drop program for Lesson 2 to prepare to program a Sphero SPRK+ ball to navigate through a maze.  View full description >>

Solar SPRK+ Lesson 1: Introduction to Drag and Drop Coding Using Scratch

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0
Unit:
Author:
Deb Frankel
Intended Grade Level(s):
6th
7th
8th
Subject Area(s) Covered:
Computer Programming
Estimated Activity Length:
10 hours
Learning Goal(s):
  1. Students will understand how to properly order basic blocks of code to program simple functions.
  2. Students will determine the steps needed to debug issues in block programming.
  3. Students will devise methods to achieve basic animation-focused block programming tasks.
  4. Students will combine music and animation to create music videos and simple games using block coding.

Students go through a series of exercises and projects/challenges to gain familiarity with coding, specifically with drag-and-drop coding. Students will look at Scratch, a free introductory computer programming language, which focuses on creative computing. After working on a few Scratch drag and drop programs, participants will transition to... View full description >>

Solar SPRK+ Unit Overview

Average Rating:
0
Unit:
Author:
Deb Frankel
Intended Grade Level(s):
6th
7th
8th
Subject Area(s) Covered:
Computer Programming
electricity
solar energy
Solar Battery Charging
Mars Rovers
Estimated Activity Length:
10 hours
Learning Goal(s):
  1. Students will develop tools to use in the Engineering Design Process.
  2. Students will learn drag and drop programming with Sphero Edu (formerly Lightning Lab).
  3. Students will determine how series and parallel circuits affect voltage and current.
  4. Students will understand how to use photovoltaic sources to charge a SPRK+.
  5. Students will design a chariot to carry a photovoltaic power source for a SPRK+.
  6. Students will learn to program a SPRK+ ball and chariot through a maze.

This unit incorporates basic programming knowledge and solar energy into an engineering design challenge using Sphero SPRK+ robots. The theme for this challenge centers on the idea of Mars rovers, and the challenges faced in space exploration, specifically remote control of exploration tools and the energy generation needed to power these... View full description >>

Variables Affecting Solar Power (Lesson 6)

Average Rating:
0
Author:
Craig Marais
Intended Grade Level(s):
7th
8th
Subject Area(s) Covered:
Science
electricity
photovoltaic cell
current
voltage
Energy
Power
hypothesis
variables
investigation
Estimated Activity Length:
2 hours
Learning Goal(s):

• Students will be able to identify and explain at least three variables that effect the efficiency of photovoltaic cells
• Students will conduct a scientific investigation to determine which photovoltaic cell configuration will generate the most power.

Common Core Standard(s) Met:
6-8.RST.3

Students have experimented with different turbine variables to see how the amount of electrical power is affected. After each team completes testing their chosen variable, the highest wind turbine

... View full description >>

Variables Affecting Wind Turbine Power (Lesson 5)

Average Rating:
0
Author:
Craig Marais
Intended Grade Level(s):
7th
8th
Subject Area(s) Covered:
Science
Energy
energy transformation
energy generation
wind turbine
voltage
current
Power
investigation
generator
variables
Estimated Activity Length:
4 hours
Learning Goal(s):

• Students will be able to identify and explain at least three variables that affect the efficiency of wind turbines
• Students will conduct a scientific investigation to determine which wind turbine configuration will generate the most power

Common Core Standard(s) Met:
6-8.RST.3

Now that students are familiar with how mechanical electricity generation works, they will build a wind turbine powered by a box fan. Different teams will test different turbine variables to see how the

... View full description >>

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