Build Solar Cars (Lesson 3)

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Unit:
Author:
Carol Patrick
Intended Grade Level(s):
4th
5th
6th
Subject Area(s) Covered:
Science
investigation
fair tests
Laws of Motion
forces
Energy
energy transformation
variables
mass
Engineering
Estimated Activity Length:
50 min
Learning Goal(s):

Students will construct a geared solar car, a pulley-system solar car, or both. Students will make verbal predictions about the outcomes and viabilities of different types of solar cars. Students will pinpoint the independent, dependent, and control variables in their solar car testing process.

Students will build their solar vehicles. There are many options for them to do this, depending on the specific variables hoping to be tested following the construction and material-selection process.

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Solar Cars Science Investigation (Lesson 2)

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0
Unit:
Author:
Carol Patrick
Intended Grade Level(s):
4th
5th
6th
Subject Area(s) Covered:
Science
investigation
fair tests
Laws of Motion
forces
Energy
energy transformation
variables
mass
Engineering
Estimated Activity Length:
50 min
Learning Goal(s):

Students will design an investigation to test solar vehicles. They will determine which particular materials they will use in the testing of their chosen format. Students will allow for redesign to take place by determining variables that can be manipulated in a measurable format. Students will determine data that will be useful to collect in the testing of their vehicle design.

Students will design a science investigation to test solar car with a pulley or with a variety of gear sizes. In the previous lesson, they were introduced to the different types of systems that can be

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Gears vs. Pulleys on Solar Cars (Lesson 1)

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0
Unit:
Author:
Carol Patrick
Intended Grade Level(s):
4th
5th
6th
Subject Area(s) Covered:
Science
Engineering
gears
pulleys
Laws of Motion
force
Energy
energy transformation
Estimated Activity Length:
30 min
Learning Goal(s):

Students will design an investigation to test differences between solar vehicles. They will make claims based on backing evidence, without having directly tested their vehicles before this point. They will use background knowledge regarding pulleys and gears in order to begin the design process. Students will determine which specific design they will be moving forward with for the next lesson.

Students will design an investigation to test differences between solar vehicles.  This is an excellent follow-up lesson to the solar boat activity or any other activity in which students have already experimented with other types of solar vehicles.  However, it can additionally be implemented without having a previous vehicle-design activity... View full description >>

Analyze Data and Develop Conclusions (Lesson 9)

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0
Unit:
Author:
Carol Patrick
Intended Grade Level(s):
4th
5th
6th
Subject Area(s) Covered:
Science
Energy
energy transfer
energy transformation
analysis
conclusions
writing frames
quantitative analysis
qualitative analysis
observations
writing
Estimated Activity Length:
0 sec
Learning Goal(s):

Students will analyze data from the solar boat races and develop conclusions. Students will write out their conclusions in a clear, articulate manner that demonstrates the usage of evidence from their own observations. Students will determine specific uses for quantitative vs. qualitative data in science experiments.

Students have performed the investigation. They will now analyze their data, refer to their initial predictions, and develop their conclusions. Students will have the opportunity to discuss the usefulness of

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Collect Data and Compare Performance of Different Boat Designs (Lesson 8)

Solar Boat Race
Average Rating:
0
Unit:
Author:
Carol Patrick
Intended Grade Level(s):
4th
5th
6th
Subject Area(s) Covered:
Science
Energy
electricity
data collection
analysis
force
buoyancy
gravity
variables
motion
acceleration
Estimated Activity Length:
0 sec
Learning Goal(s):

Students will compare and contrast forces acting on the system by examining the results of the airboat, speedboat and surface submarine races. Students will collect quantitative and qualitative data points that denote the effectiveness of each boat design. Students will compare observations made during the race and draw conclusions from these observations.

Students will race the solar speedboats, airboats, and surface submarines and then compare the performance results and of the various types of solar boats made by the class. Students will compare and contrast

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Building Solar Boats (Lesson 7)

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Unit:
Author:
Carol Patrick
Intended Grade Level(s):
4th
5th
6th
Subject Area(s) Covered:
Science
Energy
solar energy
rudder
propeller
motor
troubleshooting
Estimated Activity Length:
1 hour
Learning Goal(s):

Students will follow step-by-step instructions to build their solar boats. They will troubleshoot as necessary by making sure electricity flows into the motor to make the vehicles move by propeller or gears. Students will determine different data points that are useful in the determining the most effective design for a solar powered boat. Students will undergo the process of redesign, noting why they made changes to particular variables on their boat and noting how these changes played out.

Students will follow step-by-step instructions to build their solar boats. They will troubleshoot as necessary by making sure electricity flows into the motor to make the vehicles move by propeller or gears.

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Solar Boat Science Investigation (Lesson 6)

Average Rating:
0
Unit:
Author:
Carol Patrick
Intended Grade Level(s):
4th
5th
6th
Subject Area(s) Covered:
Science
Energy
energy transfer
force
Laws of Motion
engineering design process
investigation
variable
fair test
dependent variable
independent variable
controlled variable
control
Estimated Activity Length:
50 min
Learning Goal(s):

Students will design an investigation to test three models of solar vehicles. Students will justify which materials will be used in their construction. Students will be able to support their design with reasoning. Students will determine different methods of collecting data from their experiment relating to three types of solar boats.

Design a science investigation to test a solar speedboat, airboat, and surface submarine. Students will use the “Planning an Investigation Template” in order to determine their motivations for designing a

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How to Measure Output of Solar Modules (Lesson 5)

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0
Unit:
Author:
Carol Patrick
Intended Grade Level(s):
4th
5th
6th
Subject Area(s) Covered:
Science
Energy
circuit
open circuit
voltage
current
Power
short circuit
multimeter
measurement
load
Estimated Activity Length:
1 hour
Learning Goal(s):

Students will demonstrate that solar modules create electricity when light strikes the module. Students will determine the optimum angle for the generation of current by a solar cell when given a light source (indoors or outdoors using the sun). Students will be able to effectively use a digital multimeter to measure current and voltage produced by a solar cell.

Students will measure output from solar module before a load is attached and relate it to real world output. They will make these measurements using a multimeter and be able to determine the optimal angle at

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How Do Solar Panels Work? (Lesson 4)

Average Rating:
0
Unit:
Author:
Carol Patrick
Intended Grade Level(s):
4th
5th
6th
Subject Area(s) Covered:
Science
Energy
solar energy
photovoltaic effect
solar thermal
electromagnetic radiation
greenhouse effect
absorption
reflection
conductivity
energy transfer
photons
electrons
Estimated Activity Length:
1 hour
Learning Goal(s):

Students will be able to describe, in basic terms, the way that electricity is generated from a solar cell. Students will be able to determine that energy from the sun is being converted directly into electricity. Students will understand that this electrical energy that is produced in this energy transfer is able to perform the work required within a small load.

Students will learn the basics of how a solar cell generates electricity and observe the effects on a small electrical load attached to a solar module under a variety of conditions. They will build upon

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What is Force? (Lesson 3)

Average Rating:
0
Unit:
Author:
Carol Patrick
Intended Grade Level(s):
4th
5th
6th
Subject Area(s) Covered:
Science
Energy
motion
acceleration
resistance
friction
gravity
thrust
force
Laws of Motion
buoyancy
Estimated Activity Length:
1 hour 30 min
Learning Goal(s):

Students will identify the Laws of Motion and learn about the forces acting on the system. There are multiple forces acting on a boat, some of these forces include, acceleration, friction, gravity and thrust.

Students will build a barge out of tin foil and describe the forces acting it. The barge itself is designed only with the constraints that passengers within the barge will not get wet, allowing for students

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